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trees

We have a great selection of trees for gardens and landscapes

Season opens from mid April – some tree varieties listed here might not be available when you visit the nursery.

We offer a delivery and planting service for trees – Contact Us for details.

To easily navigate this page: click on a common name below for direct scrolling

acer x. freemanii ‘jeffersred’

Autumn Blaze Maple

Acer Autumn Blaze Maple

This fast growing maple is adapted to a wide range of soil conditions. Being pollution tolerant, it is great for urban environments and has good insect and disease resistance. Its shape is broadly ovate when mature and grows quickly. Fall foliage is exceptional. This variety is a hybrid of the silver maple tree.

These maples are tough and hardy – well adapted to our climate zone.

Height: 50′ – 60′

Width: 50′ – 60′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Samaras.

Fall Color: Red-orange.

Water: Keep well watered while young to establish a strong root system. Once established, these trees are drought tolerant.

Fertilizer: Use a nitrogen rich fertilizer three times a year when establishing.

Pruning: Prune in late winter or early spring. Regular pruning keeps these trees in shape and can prevent major limb breakage.

acer x. freemanii ‘sienna’

Sienna Glen Maple

sienna glen maple

Sienna Glen is an alternative to Autumn Blaze. It branches densely and has a uniform pyramidal shape and strong central leader (apical dominance). This is a low maintenance tree and is excellent for tough sites. It is tolerant of drought, salt, and flooding.

Height: 40′ – 50′

Width: 35′ – 40′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Few samaras (less than Autumn Blaze).

Fall Color: Yellow-orange to burgundy red.

Water: Keep well watered while young ( one to 2 years) to establish a strong root system. Once established, these trees are drought tolerant.

Fertilizer: Use a nitrogen rich fertilizer three times a year when establishing.

Pruning: Prune in late winter or early spring. Regular pruning keeps these trees in shape and can prevent major limb breakage.

acer griseum

Paperbark Maple

paperbark maple

This small landscape tree just gets better with age as its papery sheets of bark peel back to reveal new bark. It’s not a large tree and makes an excellent landscape specimen. It looks especially good planted close to the house or in a woodland setting.

Height: 20′ – 25′ (slow grower)

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Samaras

Fall Color: Scarlet.

Water: Keep well watered while young ( one to 2 years) to establish a strong root system.

Fertilizer: Use a nitrogen rich fertilizer three times a year when establishing.

Pruning: Prune in late winter or early spring. Regular pruning keeps these trees in shape and can prevent major limb breakage.

Image: David J. Stang licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

acer palmatum ‘adrian’s compact’

Japanese Maple – Adrian’s Compact

Japanese Maple Adrian's Compact

This little Japanese Maple grows to about 5 foot tall and three foot wide after 10 years. New leaves start out as bright red turning scarlet and orange in the fall. They are particularly well suited to small gardens and accents in bedding foregrounds. They grow best if protected from the scorching summer sun.

Height: 4′ – 6′ after 10 years.

Width: 3′ – 5′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade (protect from hot afternoon sun).

Fall Color: Scarlet-orange.

Water: Water regularly in rich well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

 

This little maple is often used as bonsai and can be pruned in those styles.

 

 

acer palmatum ‘ariadne’

Japanese Maple – Ariadne

Japanese maple Ariadne

This variety is a reticulated Maple, meaning it has variegated leaves with green veins which are particularly noticeable in spring. The variegated structure tends to fade from late summer onwards. Ariadne spring leaves emerge orange pink becoming a deep maroon. It ages to a show of orange and red in the fall.

Height: 7′ – 10′.

Width: 5′ – 8′

Exposure: Morning sun to part shade (protect from hot afternoon sun).

Fall Color: Orange-red.

Water: Water regularly in rich well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

 

 

acer palmatum ‘bloodgood’

Japanese Maple – Bloodgood

Japanese maple Bloodgood leaves

Bloodgood has burgundy red leaves which turn brilliant scarlet in fall. This is a hardy Japanese Maple and has good sun tolerance. This is well suited for a highly visible area and looks great amongst grasses.

It will look stunning in an Asian style garden setting with stones around it.

Height: 15′ – 20′.

Width: 10′ – 15′

Exposure: Morning sun to part shade. Can take full sun better than most Japanese maples.

Fall Color: Red-crimson.

Water: Water regularly in rich well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

 

 

acer palmatum dissectum ‘crimson queen’

Japanese Maple – Crimson Queen

acer palmatum dissectum crimson queen

This dissectum variety has long palmate leaves. The deeply incised lobes are cut into the base of the leaf. These are commonly called laceleaf Japanese maple or cutleaf Japanese Maple. Crimson Queen is a popular variety maintaining its leaf color throughout the season. It has a beautiful spreading cascading branch structure.

Height: 8′ – 12′.

Width: 10′ – 12′

Exposure: Morning sun to part shade (protect from hot afternoon sun).

Fall Color: Crimson-orange-red.

Water: Water regularly in rich well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

 

 

acer palmatum dissectum ‘garnet’

Japanese Maple – Garnet

laceleaf Japanese maple Garnet

This charming laceleaf Maple has a weeping rounded habit. It is a slow grower, prized for its foliage. Garnet is perfect as a specimen plant in small gardens, rock gardens and containers. Deeply cut leaves emerge red-orange holding its color into summer before turning red in fall.

They work well in beds, small yards, patios, and containers.

Height: 6′ – 8′.

Width: 8′ – 12′

Exposure: Morning sun to part shade (protect from hot afternoon sun).

Fall Color: Crimson-orange-red.

Water: Water regularly in rich well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

 

 

acer palmatum dissectum ‘jeddeloh orange’

Japanese Maple – Jeddeloh Orange

Japanese Maple laceleaf Jeddeloh Orange

The Jeddeloh Orange is a beautiful small specimen maple. It has a low branching weeping form and finely textured laceleaf foliage. The leaves start out as red-orange and mature to green then transforming to brilliant shades of gold and orange in the fall.

Height: 7′ – 8′.

Width: 5′ – 6′

Exposure: Morning sun to part shade (protect from hot afternoon sun).

Fall Color: Gold-orange.

Water: Water regularly in rich well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

 

 

acer palmatum dissectum ‘nigrum’

Japanese Maple – Weeping

Japanese maple dissectum weeping red

The Nigrum weeping maple is a slow growing, small laceleaf variety. Early leaf growth develops into a deep maroon turning to a bronze-red to a green-red color. Fall color is a scarlet red. It’s an excellent specimen plant in beds, containers, and small yards.

Height: 4′ – 5′.

Width: 5′ – 6′

Exposure: Morning sun to part shade (protect from hot afternoon sun).

Fall Color: Scarlet-red.

Water: Water regularly in rich well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

 

 

acer palmatum ’emperor’

Japanese Maple – Emperor

Acer palmatum - Japanese maple Emperor

Japanese maples are renowned for their foliage. The leaves have 5 to 9 palmate lobes – they make fine specimen trees. They are commonly used in bonsai tradition. They are small trees and can be used in most yards. They are a little fussier than their American counterparts and grow slowly. They are worth all the effort though.

Emperor has an upright growing habit with deep red leaves.

Height: 10′ – 15′

Width: 10′ – 15′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade.

Fruit / Flower: Samaras.

Fall Color: Burgundy-red.

Water: Water regularly in well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

acer palmatum ‘Peaches and Cream’

Japanese Maple – Peaches and Cream

Japanese maple peaches and cream

The Acer Peaches and Cream is reticulated Japanese maple variety. The dark colored veins accentuate the shape of their leaves. As summer approaches, the leaves transform into a combination of green and cream colors turning to yellow and oranges in fall.
Emperor has an upright growing habit with deep red leaves.

Height: 8′ – 10′ after 10 years.

Width: 5′ – 7′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade.

Fall Color: Yellow-orange.

Water: Water regularly in well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

acer palmatum ‘Pixie’

Japanese Maple – Dwarf Pixie

Acer Palmatum Dwarf Pixie

Pixie is a dwarf Japanese maple similar to Bloodgood but maturing at half the size. Their maroon leaves retain their color throughout the summer then adding more red tones as fall progresses. It’s a superb specimen ornamental which must be planted in a location sheltered from the hot afternoon sun and strong winds.

Height: 6′ – 8′.

Width: 5′ – 6′

Exposure: Morning sun.

Fall Color: Burgundy-red.

Water: Water regularly in well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

acer palmatum ‘Sango Kaku’

Japanese Maple – Coral Bark Maple

Acer coral

This slow growing showy Japanese Maple is noted for its coral bark and fall color. The five lobed leaves start out as a pinkish yellow, mature to a light green in summer and a soft yellow in fall. It’s perfect as a low maintenance deciduous specimen plant.

Height: 20′ – 25′.

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun to partial shade.

Fall Color: Golden-yellow.

Water: Water regularly in well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

acer palmatum ‘Shigarami’

Japanese Maple – Shigarami

Acer Palmatum Shigarami

Shigarami has star shape leaves that emerge bright green with light purple lobe tips. Having thick leaves, they handle heat and sun well. The fall colors are deep yellow and orange. Growing to an eventual height of about 10 feet they make an attractive specimen plant.

Height: 10′ – 12′ after 10 years.

Width: 8′ – 10′

Exposure: Full sun to partial shade.

Fall Color: Yellow-orange-red.

Water: Water regularly in well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

acer palmatum ‘skeeter’s broom’

Japanese Maple – Skeeter’s Broom

Acer palmatum skeeter's broom

Skeeter’s Broom is a small deciduous maple variety. It has sharply lobed leaves emerging bright red in spring and maturing to rich purple throughout the summer. In fall, the leaves turn bright scarlet. Its growing habit is narrow and upright, making it ideal for containers and small gardens.

Height: 4′ – 6′

Width: 4′ – 6′

Exposure: Full sun to partial shade.

Fall Color: Bright scarlet.

Water: Water regularly in well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

acer palmatum ‘winter flame’

Japanese Maple – Winter Flame

Acer coral

Like the Sango Kaku, Winter flame is also a coral bark Japanese maple but smaller. It will eventually grow to 10 feet, whereas the Sango grows to about 20 feet. Spring color leaves are lime green maturing to mid green then turning orange red in fall. Its growth habit will feature a broad rounded canopy. Winter Flame is an excellent specimen plant.

Height: 8′ – 10′

Width: 6′ – 8′

Exposure: Full sun to partial shade.

Fall Color: Orange-red.

Water: Water regularly in well drained soil. Use mulch for moisture retention. Do not let them dry out especially while the tree is being established.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release fertilizer. Be careful not to over-fertilize resulting in burned-out shriveled leaves.

Pruning: Prune lightly to shape, removing crossed and rubbing branches. Excessive pruning, especially in the summer heat, can damage the branches.

acer rubrum ‘frank jr.’

Red Maple – Redpointe

acer rubrum - redpointe maple

Acer rubrum, red maple varieties, are perfect urban landscaping trees. The RedPointe variety has deep green leaves during the spring and summer, which turns a brilliant bright red color in the fall. It has a balanced symmetrical shape which needs very little pruning. These trees are low maintenance.

Height: 40′ – 45′

Width: 25′ – 30′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Samaras.

Fall Color: Red.

Water: Keep well watered while young to establish a strong root system. Red maples like a moist soil. Mulch helps with moisture retention especially in the hot dry season and will help with the soil drying out completely if watered regularly.

Fertilizer: Use a nitrogen rich fertilizer in spring.

Pruning: Prune in late winter or early spring if required. Regular pruning keeps these trees in shape and can prevent major limb breakage.

acer rubrum ‘franksred’

Red Sunset Maple

red sunset maple

This red maple variety really delivers with its autumn colors. Their fall show is spectacular with red, crimson and orange leaves blending to give a sunset effect. Consider this maple variety as a specimen tree – it will require a little more maintenance than the tough urban varieties.

Height: 40′ – 50′

Width: 30′ – 40′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Samaras.

Fall Color: Red-crimson-orange.

Water: Keep well-watered while young to establish a strong root system. Red maples like a moist soil. Mulch helps with moisture retention especially in the hot dry season and will help with the soil drying out completely if watered regularly.

Fertilizer: Use a nitrogen rich fertilizer in spring once established. While it is being established it’s safer to use a slow release fertilizer to prevent young tender root burn. Mix the fertilizer into the soil.

Pruning: Prune in late winter or early spring if required. Regular pruning keeps these trees in shape and can prevent major limb breakage.

acer saccharum ‘bailsta’

Fall Fiesta Sugar Maple

acer saccharum - fall fiesta sugar maple

Fall Fiesta sugar maples are slow growers maturing into a fine, symmetrical shape. Their fall color is excellent with mixes of yellow, red, and orange. They are well suited as specimen and focal point trees. They do best in full sun with a minimum light requirement of four to 6 hours sun.

It is important to plant them in a well drained deep mix soil. They do not like compacted soil.

Height: 40′ – 50′

Width: 30′ – 40′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Samaras.

Fall Color: Yellow-Red-orange.

Water: Keep well watered while young to establish a strong root system – a couple of good soakings per week.

Fertilizer: Use a nitrogen rich fertilizer in spring once established. While it is being established it’s safer to use a slow release fertilizer to prevent young tender root burn. Mix the fertilizer into the soil.

Pruning: Prune in late winter or early spring if required. Regular pruning keeps these trees in shape and can prevent major limb breakage.

Do not tap the tree for sap once the buds appear.

 

amelanchier grandiflora

Autumn Brilliance Apple Serviceberry

Amelanchier Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry

The Amelanchier grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’ is a serviceberry hybrid. They have heavy stems with white blossoms in the spring. Their leaves turn red in the fall. The blossoms give way to small edible purplish black fruit. It’s a smallish deciduous tree that can work as a specimen tree and design focal point.

Also available in Clump form.

Height: 20′ – 25′ (Clump 15′ – 25′)

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade (4 hours sun minimum). Planting in full sun will keep them less susceptible to disease problems.

Fruit / Flower: Red-purple pome.

Fall Color: Red.

Water: Keep well watered while to establish. Somewhat drought tolerant thereafter – water if very dry.

Fertilizer: Use a balanced fertilizer like 10-10-10 in spring.

Pruning: Prune for a good branch structure especially when young. They are typically multi-stemmed but can be trained as a single stem.

Prune the root suckers as they appear each year to keep only the desired main stems.

 

betula nigra

River Birch

Trees - Betula - River Birch

Birches are multi stemmed with beautiful exfoliating bark. They are an excellent choice for specimen plants in damp locations. They are fast growing deciduous trees, often growing up to 36 inches per year. They are monoecious bearing male and female catkins (flower clusters) on the same tree.

Height: 40′ – 50′

Width: 30′ – 40′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Nutlett / catkins.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: These trees need a damp soil. During dry periods water deeply up to 3 hours per week if planted in a dry spot.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth.

Pruning: Prune in late fall. Avoid early spring pruning while the sap is running. Prune lightly.

betula nigra ‘shiloh splash’

River Birch ‘Shiloh Splash’

Variegated birch tree

This River Birch is a real standout with its small creamy white variegated leaves – Add to that it’s exfoliating bark, it’s a real winner. It’s a low maintenance tree, perfect for small yards as a focal point.

Make sure to water them when it’s very dry and cover the root zone with mulch.

Height: 25′ – 30′

Width: 12′ – 15′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Nutlett / catkins.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: These trees need a damp soil. During dry periods water deeply up to 3 hours per week if planted in a dry spot.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth.

Pruning: Prune in late fall. Avoid early spring pruning while the sap is running. Prune lightly.

betula platyphylla v. japonica

Whitespire Birch

Whitespire Birch

Whitespire is noted for its white bark and thin spreading branches. They are low maintenance trees and little pruning is needed. Prune in the dormant season when the sap is not running. This Birch is broadly pyramidal in shape.

Height: 30′ – 40′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Nutlett 1″2″ / catkins.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: This Whitespire variety tolerates heat, wind and drought. It does not like constantly wet soil (unlike the river Birch).

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth.

Pruning: Prune in late fall. Avoid early spring pruning while the sap is running. Prune lightly.

cercis canadensis

Eastern Redbud

cercis canadensis - eastern redbud

The eastern redbud is usually a multi stemmed vase shaped tree with a flattish top. They are shorter lived trees. They are one of the first to bloom in early spring, then producing beautiful large heart shaped leaves. The branches tend to break when exposed to high winds, so try and plant them in a more protected spot.

Height: 20′ – 25′

Width: 20′ – 25′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade.

Fruit / Flower: Legume.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Moist well drained soil. Water regularly until established.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year in spring.

Pruning: Prune to shape as required.

cercis canadensis ‘forest pansy’

Forest Pansy Redbud

Forest pansy redbud

This beautiful deciduous native tree is prized for its brilliant scarlet-purple large heart-shaped leaf color which matures to maroon as the season progresses. In early spring, the branches are covered with rosy pink flowers. Redbuds are an unmistakable focal point in the garden.

Height: 20′ – 25′

Width: 20′ – 25′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade.

Fruit / Flower: Legume.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Moist well drained soil. Water regularly until established.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year in spring.

Pruning: Prune to shape as required.

Image: Famartin, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons

cercis canadensis ‘ruby falls’

Ruby Falls Weeping Redbud

Ruby falls weeping redbud

Redbud Ruby Falls Weeping is a lovely compact specimen tree with a weeping canopy. They have the unmistakable redbud blooms in spring with smaller semi glossy heart-shaped leaves that turn yellow in fall.

This deciduous Cercis will grow to about 8 feet at full maturity.

Height: 6′ – 8′

Width: 5′ – 6′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade.

Fruit / Flower: Legume.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Moist well drained soil. Water regularly until established.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year in spring.

Pruning: Prune to shape as required.

cercis canadensis ‘lavender twist’

Lavender Twist Weeping Redbud

Redbud Lavender Twist

Lavender Twist Redbud has rosy lavender-pink flowers that cover the bare weeping branches in early spring. With some training you can create an umbrella shaped specimen plant that creates a stunning focal point in the garden.

This moderate growing deciduous tree will reach a maximum height of about 6 feet tall.

Height: 5′ – 6′

Width: 6′ – 8′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade.

Fruit / Flower: Legume.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Moist well drained soil. Water regularly until established.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year in spring.

Pruning: Prune to shape as required.

Image: David J. Stang, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

cercis canadensis ‘vanilla twist’

Vanilla Twist Weeping Redbud

Vanilla Twist Weeping redbud
As its name suggests, this small redbud variety has cascades of beautiful vanilla white blooms in early spring. Coupled with heart shaped leaves that appear later, this little tree is a winner. It’s captivating weeping form provides winter interest.

This redbud has a moderate growing rate and will reach a maximum height of about 12 feet.

Height: 9′ – 12′

Width: 6′ – 8′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade.

Fruit / Flower: Legume.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Moist well drained soil. Water regularly until established.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year in spring.

Pruning: Prune to shape as required.

Image: Famartin, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Cercidiphyllum japonicum

Katsura Tree

katsura tree

The Katsura has beautiful seasonal foliage. New leaves emerge bronze in spring, blue green in summer, turning orange to golden yellow in fall. It’s a slow growing tree that is pyramidal in shape.

It will eventually make an excellent shade tree at about 40 to 50 feet tall. These deciduous trees are excellent open space plants.

Height: 40′ – 50′

Width: 25′ – 35′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Pod.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Moist well drained soil. Regular water required especially in the hot summer.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year in spring.

Pruning: Prune to shape as required.

Image: David J. Stang licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

chionanthus virginicus

White Fringe Tree

White fringe tree - chionanthus virginicus

The white fringe tree is a small dome shaped specimen prized for its magnificent clusters of fragrant fringe like blooms. It’s a superb deciduous accent tree. It works very well against a dark background. They thrive in wet conditions and will need water during the hot, dry summers. They are very good for clay and sandy soils.

These trees are native to the savannas and lowlands of the southeastern United States. They are dioecious. If the tree is female small blue drupes will be produced in fall.

Height: 20′ – 25′

Width: 20′ – 25′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade.

Fruit / Flower: Drupe on female trees.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Moist well drained soil. Will also grow in clay and sandy soil. Water regularly until established.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year in spring.

Pruning: Prune to shape as required.

cornus mas

Cornelian Cherry Dogwood

cornus - cornelian cherry dogwood
This Dogwood variety is a multi-stemmed deciduous small tree. The growth habit is round or oval. These trees require well drained soil that get at least four hours of daily sunlight. They will not survive constant soaking in dense soils. Birds love their bright red fruits.

Height: 20′ – 25′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Sun (4 hours minimum) to part shade.

Fruit / Flower: Drupe red berry .5″ – 1″. Yellow flowers.

Fall Color: Yellow to red purple.

Water: Water needs are average requiring 1 inch of water per week in the form of rainfall or manual watering. They are reasonably tough and will recover from drenching or parched conditions.

Fertilizer: Use a general slow release fertilizer in early spring and again 3 months later.

Pruning: This Dogwood tends to form multiple leader stems, therefore, to train as a small tree, select a main leader as a trunk and prune off competing shoots. Hard pruning can be performed after the flowers have faded in spring (you will lose fruits for that season).

cornus alternifolia

Pagoda Dogwood

cornus pagoda dogwood
cornus pagoda dogwood

Pagoda is an excellent dogwood specimen for partial, open shady areas. These smaller, lower branched trees, grow in open irregular tier format giving a somewhat horizontal shape. It’s a hardy variety and has fragrant yellowish-white flowers. Dark berries follow to provide winter interest.

These ornamental trees are understory in their native zones hence a dappled shade location is best.

Height: 15′ – 20′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Sun (4 hours minimum) to part or dappled shade.

Fruit / Flower: Drupe blue-black berry .5″. Yellow-white flattened clump flowers.

Fall Color: Yellow to red purple.

Water: Water needs are average requiring 1 inch of water per week in the form of rainfall or manual watering. It is a hardy ornamental tree.

Fertilizer: Use a general slow release fertilizer in early spring though this isn’t really required. Mulching over the root zone is useful.

Pruning: Prune lightly in dormancy to keep in shape and form.

fagus sylvatica

Tricolor Beech

Fagus Sylvatica - Tricolor Beech

Outstanding variegated leaves make this Beech variety stand out as a specimen tree. Wavy oval leaves can be green, purple, rose, pink and cream. Slow grower and rarely gets to its upper level height range and width.

Height: 25′ – 40′

Width: 25′ – 35′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Nutlett / catkins.

Fall Color: Copper.

Water: Regular watering for the first 2 years to establish root system.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth.

Pruning: Best done in the dormant period – late winter.

fagus sylvatica ‘riversii’

European Beech

European beech tree

European Beech is a large deciduous specimen tree with a broad, dense crown. Beautiful large leaves up to five inches long. Emerged deep purple in spring. Fading to purple-green in summer before turning copper in the fall. The tree has a smooth, pale grey bark.

Height: 50′ – 60′

Width: 50′ – 60′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Nutlett / catkins.

Fall Color: Copper.

Water: Regular watering for the first 2 years to establish root system. Plant in a rich well drained soil – avoid wet poorly drained soils.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth.

Pruning: Best done in the dormant period – late winter.

ginkgo biloba

Maidenhair Tree – Autumn Gold

Gingko biloba - Maidenhair Tree
Gingko biloba - Maidenhair Tree leaves

Ginkgo is an ancient tree species. They are dioecious and only male trees are sold as nursery stocks (the female seed balls have a pungent odor).

The shape of their fan like leaves gives rise to their common name maidenhair. Their fall color is exceptional. They are salt tolerant and drought tolerant when established. They prefer a well-drained sandy soil or loam but will also tolerate compacted soil.

They establish easily.

Height: 25′ – 50′

Width: 25′ – 35′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Tan seeds on female trees. Only male trees are sold as nursery stock.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Regular watering for the first 2 years to establish the root system is important.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth. Mature trees do not need feeding.

Pruning: Make sure the tree is dormant before pruning. The best time is in late fall, winter, or early spring. Ginkgo has tall, rounded canopies – any pruning is usually light to keep it in shape.

ginkgo biloba ‘jade butterflies’

Maidenhair Tree – Dwarf

Dwarf Gingko tree- Jade Butterfly

The Jade Butterfly is a dwarf ginkgo variety growing to about 12 feet. It’s a low maintenance, easy to grow tree, preferring moist, sandy soils – it is tolerant of compacted soils. This tough tree adapts well to most urban environments. It has a spreading vase shaped habit.

This variety is a slow growing male tree.

Height: 8′ – 12′

Width: 3′ – 9′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Tan seeds on female trees. Only male trees are sold as nursery stock.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Regular watering for the first 2 years to establish the root system is important.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth. Mature trees do not need feeding.

Pruning: Make sure the tree is dormant before pruning. The best time is in late fall, winter, or early spring. This ginkgo has an upright vase shaped habit – any pruning is usually light to keep it in shape.

ginkgo biloba ‘mariken’

Maidenhair Tree – Dwarf

Gingko biloba tree - dwarf maidenhair

Mariken is a dwarf deciduous conifer. ginkgo variety, often grown as a bonsai. It’s smaller than the Jade Butterfly variety. This male cultivar does not produce fruit. It’s tough and tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions and will thrive in urban conditions.
It’s perfect as a specimen tree.

Height: 2′ – 3′

Width: 7′ -8′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Tan seeds on female trees. Only male trees are sold as nursery stock.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Regular watering for the first 2 years to establish the root system is important.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth. Mature trees do not need feeding.

Pruning: Make sure the tree is dormant before pruning. The best time is in late fall, winter, or early spring. This ginkgo has an upright spreading habit – any pruning is usually light to keep it in shape.

gleditsia triacanthos ‘skycole’

Honeylocust Skyline

gleditsia - honeylocust
The Skyline honeylocust is a seedless, thornless Gleditsia variety. It has a broad pyramidal crown and develops a strong sturdy trunk. Their compound leaves are fine textured and fern-like providing light shade.

These trees are tough and tolerate a number of challenging urban conditions like drought, pollution, salt, compacted soil, and heat.

Height: 45′ – 50′

Width: 30′ – 35′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Insignificant.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Regular weekly watering for the first year to establish the root system is important. A one hour slow trickle to saturate the roots works best.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer like 10-10-10 once a year just before new growth. Mature trees do not need feeding.

Pruning: Mature honeylocust need little pruning except to remove dead branches and keep in shape, usually about every five years. As is the case with most tree pruning, remove branches that cross and rub against each other.

helesia carolina

Carolina Silverbell ‘Jersey Bell’

Carolina Silverbell - Halesia carolina

Carolina Silverbell is an elegant small tree that blooms in late spring. Small white bell shaped flowers growing clusters along the branches. This small tree is an upright cultivar that grows to a mature height of about 25 feet.

Carolina Silverbell is native to the southeastern United States and often grows as a small understory tree, therefore, it can take partial shade. It can be featured as a specimen tree in the garden.

Height: 20′ – 25′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun, partial shade.

Fruit / Flower: Prolific white bell-shaped hanging flowers.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Regular weekly watering for the first year to establish the root system is important. Moderate watering thereafter – prefers moist rich well-drained soil.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer like 10-10-10 once a year just before new growth.

Pruning: Prune when dormant to shape. Cut crossing and rubbing branches.

liriodendron tulipifera

Tulip Tree

Tulip tree - liriodendron

The Tulip tree is a distinctive larger deciduous garden tree with bluish green leaves and unmistakable tulip shaped greenish yellow to orange flowers. It has beautiful yellow fall color. They are very stately when planted in rows as avenue trees or as specimen trees in the garden.

These are long lived trees and grow fast reaching a height of about 50 feet.

Height: 40′ – 50′

Width: 20′ – 30′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Showy tulip shaped.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Regular weekly watering for the first year to establish the root system is important. Moderate watering thereafter.

Fertilizer: Not really required.

Pruning: Prune to shape when required.

malus ‘adams’

Adams Flowering Crabapple

Malus - Adams Flowering Crabapple

The Adams flowering crabapple has spectacular deep pink blooms in spring. To ensure ample blossoming and fruiting, make sure the tree is exposed to at least six hours of sun a day. Rich, mulched, well drained soil is best.

Height: 15′ – 20′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun. At least 6 hours.

Fruit / Flower: Red crabapple.

Fall Color: Orange red.

Water: Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. If the season is unusually dry a deep watering once a week at the base of the tree will suffice.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth, although this is not necessary with most apple trees.

Pruning: Crabapple will perform best with regular annual pruning. Dead branches, water sprouts and smaller growth should be removed periodically. Generalized pruning is best done in late fall or dormancy. Prune away branches that are crossed.

malus ‘cardinal’

Cardinal Crabapple

crabapple - cardinal - malus

The Cardinal Crabapple is noted for its densely branched spreading shape. The tree typically matures to about 15 feet high and 25 feet wide. The purple buds open in spring to reveal deep pink flowers about 1 ½ inches in diameter. If you are looking for a more compact crabapple, this is a good choice.

Height: 10′ – 15′

Width: 15′ – 25′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Red crabapple.

Fall Color: Red.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. If the season is unusually dry a deep watering once a week at the base of the tree will suffice.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth, although this is not necessary with most apple trees.

Pruning: Crabapple will perform best with regular annual pruning. Dead branches, water sprouts and smaller growth should be removed periodically. Generalized pruning is best done in late fall or dormancy. Prune away branches that are crossed.

malus ‘lollizan’

Lollipop Crabapple

lollipop crabapple

The Crabapple Lollipop is a dwarf variety featuring a straight trunk with a dense, symmetrical globular head grafted onto the trunk. Their profuse flowers are followed by small yellow fruit. It is a perfect specimen for a small yard adding formality to the garden.

Height: 8′ – 10′

Width: 8′ – 10′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Gold crabapple. Profuse white.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. If the season is unusually dry a deep watering once a week at the base of the tree will suffice.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth, although this is not necessary with most apple trees.

Pruning: Crabapple will perform best with regular annual pruning. Dead branches, water sprouts and smaller growth should be removed periodically. Generalized pruning is best done in late fall or dormancy. Prune away branches that are crossed.

malus ‘prairifire

Prairifire Crabapple

Malus - Prairifire Crabapple

Prairifire is a showy crabapple. New leaves start with a glossy reddish maroon color and mature to a rich dark green. This variety has very good foliage retention throughout the summer. It blooms later than most crabapples and has stunning showy dark pink to red spring flowers.

Height: 15′ – 20′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Red crabapple 3/8″. Purple-Red.

Fall Color: Orange-Red-Copper.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. If the season is unusually dry a deep watering once a week at the base of the tree will suffice.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth, although this is not necessary with most apple trees.

Pruning: Crabapple will perform best with regular annual pruning. Dead branches, water sprouts and smaller growth should be removed periodically. Generalized pruning is best done in late fall or dormancy. Prune away branches that are crossed.

malus sargentii ‘tina’

Tina Dwarf Flowering Crabapple

tina dwarf crabapple fruit

This beautiful crabapple cultivar only grows to about 5 feet. It has a striking display. Of pink buds to white blooms. It flowers profusely and then sets many orange-red berries. Slow grower and makes an outstanding specimen tree, especially in small gardens.

Height: 4′ – 5′

Width: 4′ – 5′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Orange-red crabapple.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. If the season is unusually dry a deep watering once a week at the base of the tree will suffice.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth, although this is not necessary with most apple trees.

Pruning:  Crabapple will perform best with regular annual pruning. Dead branches, water sprouts and smaller growth should be removed periodically. Generalized pruning is best done in late fall or dormancy. Prune away branches that are crossed.

malus ‘shotizam’

Showtime Crabapple

Showtime crabapple

Showtime crabapple lives up to its name with large bright pink flowers. It’s a striking springtime ornamental. The foliage is dark green and has a red overlay. It is a vigorous grower with an upright oval shape.

Showtime sports bright red fruits in autumn that persist into winter. Birds love them.

Height: 15′ – 20′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Bright red crabapple. Fuchsia pink blossoms.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. If the season is unusually dry a deep watering once a week at the base of the tree will suffice.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth, although this is not necessary with most apple trees.

Pruning:  Crabapple will perform best with regular annual pruning. Dead branches, water sprouts and smaller growth should be removed periodically. Generalized pruning is best done in late fall or dormancy. Prune away branches that are crossed.

malus ‘spring snow’

Spring Snow Crabapple

malus spring snow flowering crabapple

Spring Snow flowering crabapple has pink buds that open into beautiful fragrant white flowers – they contrast against bright green, shiny foliage. This variety of crabapple is virtually sterile and does not set fruit making it an excellent choice if you want to maintain clean patios and courtyards, yet want the beauty of their blossoms.

Height: 20′ – 25′

Width: 10′ – 15′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: White flower. No fruit (sterile).

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. If the season is unusually dry a deep watering once a week at the base of the tree will suffice.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth, although this is not necessary with most apple trees.

Pruning:  Crabapple will perform best with regular annual pruning. Dead branches, water sprouts and smaller growth should be removed periodically. Generalized pruning is best done in late fall or dormancy. Prune away branches that are crossed.

Metasequoia glyptostroboides

Dawn Redwood

Dawn Redwood

The Dawn Redwood is a tall, deciduous conifer with a pyramidal shape. It has a beautiful red bark and apricot brown fall color. They are suitable as zone 5a trees. They have fern-like bipinnate compound leaves and maintain an emerald-green foliage throughout the season. Their fine and delicate texture make them good specimen plants.

Height: 70′ – 90′

Width: 20′ – 30′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Not significant.

Fall Color: Apricot-Brown.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. They can take fairly wet conditions but a well drained soil is always best. Apply mulch around the root zone.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer once a year just before new growth, although this is not necessary.

Pruning:  Generalized pruning is best done in late winter. Prune away branches that are crossed.

nyssa sylvatica ‘wildfire’

Black Gum – Black Tupelo

nyssa sylvatica - black gum trees

These medium sized deciduous trees have spectacular fall color ranging from orange, purples, yellows, and reds. They can make great specimen trees and are very adaptable to urban conditions, including compacted and poorly drained soils. They are slow growers forming a rounded shape with a straight trunk. They have a rough bark resembling an alligator skin.

Height: 35′ – 40′

Width: 20′ – 25′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Blue-black stonefruit. Attracts birds.

Fall Color: Orange-red-yellow-purple.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant.

Fertilizer: Use slow release fertilizer once a year just before new growth.

Pruning: These don’t require much pruning other than light training to keep the desired shape. Prune when the tree is dormant.

platanus acerifolia Exclamation

London Planetree – Sycamore

London Planetree - Sycamore

This Sycamore tree has an excellent upright pyramidal growing habit. It has a strong central leader and beautiful foliage. It is densely branched. A noted feature is its brown, tan, and green exfoliating bark. This planetree is well suited for urban conditions.

Height: 55′ – 60′

Width: 40′ – 45′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: A few achene. Insignificant.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. They will tolerate clay soil, dry sites and road salt.

Fertilizer: Not a heavy feeder. Use a general fertilizer once a year to establish if desired.

Pruning: Little pruning is required other than corrective pruning to remove the odd dead, damaged or crossing branch. Let the leader establish and grow – never top it off!

populus tremula ‘erecta’

Aspen Swedish Columnar

Aspen Swedish Columnar tree

With their leaves fluttering in the breeze, enjoy the soothing sounds of the deciduous Columnar Swedish Aspen.

Their narrow form makes them an ideal choice for small spaces as a tall screen – They look very elegant lining a driveway. They also look great as a standalone columnar tree in a suburban environment.

Height: 30′ – 40′

Width: 8′ – 12′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Catkin.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. Plant in well drained soil.

Fertilizer: Not a heavy feeder. Use a slow release fertilizer once a year to establish if desired.

Pruning: Little pruning is required other than corrective pruning to remove the odd dead, damaged or crossing branch. Let the leader establish and grow – never top it off!

populus tremuloides ‘klaus select’

Aspen Summer Shimmer

Aspen summer shimmer trees

The Aspen Summer Shimmer is a compact Populus tree with a neat pyramidal form. The leaves are formed on long petioles turning from green to yellow in fall. They work well planted individually or as mass plantings on a large yard or open meadow.

Height: 40′ – 60′

Width: 20′ – 40′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Catkin.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. Plant in well drained soil.

Fertilizer: Not a heavy feeder. Use a slow release fertilizer once a year to establish if desired.

Pruning: Little pruning is required other than corrective pruning to remove the odd dead, damaged or crossing branch. Let the leader establish and grow – never top it off!

prunus cerasifera ‘Thundercloud’

Cherry Plum

Cherry plum tree

This popular landscape tree has a medium sized, upright growing habit. It has striking dark purple leaves. The white pale-pink fragrant flowers make a spectacular display in spring. Birds and wildlife love the small edible fruits. These trees are easy to grow in moist, well drained soils.

Height: 15′ – 20′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Plum/prune.

Fall Color: Crimson-red.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Plant in moderately fertile well-drained soil.

Fertilizer: Not a heavy feeder. Use a slow release fertilizer once a year to establish if desired.

Pruning: Prune after flowering to keep the tree vigorous and in shape.

Image: David J. Stang licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

prunus serrulata ‘kwanzan’

Kwanzan Flowering Cherry

Kwanzan flowering cherry tree

A deciduous specimen tree whose early spring flowers are nothing short of spectacular! They have large clusters of double deep pink blooms. This Prunus has a vase shaped upright form. They make beautiful lawn specimens.

They are not drought or very salt tolerant – requiring well drained, fertile soil. Will tolerate clay if well drained.

Height: 20′ – 25′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Insignificant.

Fall Color: Yellow-bronze.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Thereafter water needs are moderate – apply a weekly soaking in very hot weather.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release or general fertilizer once a year in early spring.

Pruning: Little pruning is required other than corrective pruning to remove the odd dead, damaged or crossing branch. Prune to keep in shape.

prunus x ‘snofozam’

Snow Fountains Weeping Cherry

Snow fountains Weeping Cherry

 The deciduous Snow Fountains weeping cherry has naturally weeping branches covered with snow white flowers in spring. They are small ornamental trees and will look spectacular in small gardens, courtyards, or Japanese style settings. This variety does not produce much fruit.

Slow growing requiring little maintenance.

Height: 8′ – 15′

Width: 6′ – 12′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: White blossoms. Does not produce much fruit.

Fall Color: Orange-gold.

Water: Keep moist to establish (2 years). Thereafter water needs are moderate – apply a weekly soaking in very hot weather.

Fertilizer: Use a slow release or general fertilizer once a year in early spring.

Pruning: Little pruning is required other than corrective pruning to remove the odd dead, damaged or crossing branch. Prune to keep in shape.

quercus alba

White Oak

Quercus alba - white oak
Oak acorn

White oak is one of North America’s most predominant tree species. They are invaluable for supporting birds, pollinators, and wildlife. Like other oaks, they need a lot of room to grow. Mature trees can reach 100 feet tall and 90 feet wide.

Height: 60′ – 100′

Width: 50′ – 90′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Catkin / acorn.

Fall Color: Yellow to red-purple.

Water: Keep well moist to establish for the first few years. Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant. Plant in a deep well-drained, rich soil.

Fertilizer: Not a heavy feeder. Use a slow release fertilizer once a year to establish if desired.

Pruning: Little pruning is required other than corrective pruning to remove the odd dead, damaged or crossing branch. Avoid pruning in its first growth year.

Structural pruning is best done when the tree is dormant in late winter.

quercus bicolor

Swamp White Oak

Quercus Bicolor - Swamp White Oak

Swamp white oaks need to be given plenty of room to grow freely. Thy can reach 70 feet tall and wide. They are rugged, low maintenance trees. The bark becomes deeply ridged and dark brown as they age. Starting out, the tree has a short trunk and low branches, so if there is vehicle or pedestrian traffic prune for clearance.

Height: 50′ – 70′

Width: 50′ – 70′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Catkin / acorn.

Fall Color: Yellow to red-purple.

Water: Keep well moist to establish for the first few years. Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant.

Fertilizer: Not a heavy feeder. Use a slow releasel fertilizer once a year to establish if desired.

Pruning: Little pruning is required other than corrective pruning to remove the odd dead, damaged or crossing branch. Let the leader establish and grow – never top it off! Prune for traffic clearance when young if required.

quercus rubra

Red Oak

Quercus rubra - Red Oak

These majestic oak trees, native to the East Coast of North America, can live for hundreds of years. They grow large and are not for small yards. Once established, they require little care and maintenance. For oaks, never lay more than an inch of soil over its roots. They will be happiest in a rich well-drained somewhat acidic soil, though not essential.

Height: 50′ – 75′

Width: 50′ – 75′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Catkin / acorn.

Fall Color: Red.

Water: Keep well moist to establish for the first few years. Once established, these trees don’t need extra watering as they are fairly drought tolerant.

Fertilizer: Not a heavy feeder. Use a slow release fertilizer once a year to establish if desired.

Pruning: Little pruning is required other than corrective pruning to remove the odd dead, damaged or crossing branch. Let the leader establish and grow – never top it off!

salix x blanda

Wisconsin Weeping Willow

Wisconsin weeping willow

A Wisconsin weeping willow will add elegance to your landscape with their graceful arching branches. The leaves turn yellow in autumn revealing its rounded deciduous shape. Like most willows the branches are weak, and it should be planted away from critical infrastructure. They thrive in moist conditions.

Height: 30′ – 40′

Width: 30′ – 40′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Insignificant.

Fall Color: Insignificant.

Water: Moist well drained soil.

Image: Dragonoto, CC BY 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

salix matsudana

Corkscrew Willow

Corkscrew willow

Corkscrew Willow as its common name suggests has contorted twisted branches and twigs. This gives it an interesting and attractive ornamental feature especially in winter. It’s a medium sized, fast growing tree. Like many willows this tree does best in moist conditions – it will tolerate some drought as it matures. The branches grow at an acute angle to the trunk and then curve back to a more horizontal position.

Height: 25′ – 35′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Insignificant.

Fall Color: Insignificant.

Water: Moist well drained soil.

Image: AnRo0002, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

styrax japonicus

Japanese Snowbell

Styrax japonicus - Japanese Snowbell

Japanese Snowbell has slightly fragrant flowers. It is a deciduous tree with a horizontal branching habit and rounded crown. It is known for its pendulous clusters of bell-shaped flowers blooming May through June. Olive grey drupes form after the flowers lasting into late autumn.

Height: 20′ – 30′

Width: 20′ – 30′

Exposure: Full sun. They will grow in partial shade but won’t produce as many flowers.

Fruit / Flower: Creamy white flower clusters. Drupes.

Fall Color: Insignificant.

Water: Medium moist well drained soil works best with an application of mulch.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer like 10-10-10 once a year just before new growth, or apply a slow release fertilizer.

Pruning: Prune as needed..

syringa reticulata

Lilac ‘Ivory Silk’

syringa lilac ivory silk

The deciduous Syringa lilac ivory silk is a small tree with a rounded shape. The attractive panicles of white flowers that are 6 to 12 inches long blooming in May – June. They can be used as specimen trees or in groupings. They are easy to grow and require little maintenance.

Height: 20′ – 25′

Width: 15′ – 20′

Exposure: Full sun. They will grow in partial shade but won’t produce as many flowers.

Fruit / Flower: Creamy white flowers.

Fall Color: Green-yellow.

Water: Moist well drained soil works best with an application of mulch.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer like 10-10-10 once a year just before new growth, or apply a slow release fertilizer.

Pruning: Prune away branches that are crossed or rubbing, dead and damaged. Thin out while keeping it’s shape to provide good air circulation.

taxodium distichum

Bald Cypress

taxodium bald cypress tree trunk

The bald cypress, Taxodium, is a deciduous conifer that sheds its needles in the late autumn. It is a native tree most often associated with southern swamps but has certainly found its place in our urban landscapes. These elegant trees are pyramidal to conical in shape with horizontal branches.

They are carefree trees that look great at pond edges or wet sites, though they can tolerate drought too.

Carefully plan the location site given that they are large tall trees.

Height: 50′ – 80′

Width: 20′ – 30′

Exposure: Full sun to part shade.

Fruit / Flower: Cones.

Fall Color: Yellow-green.

Water: Moist well drained soil works best. It will tolerate dry conditions after establishment.

Fertilizer: Fertilizing is generally not required. A slow release fertilizer can be applied in spring if the tree is planted in a dry spot.

Pruning: Not required except to remove the occasional dead branch.

tilia americana

Redmond American Linden

Tilia Americana - Redmond American Linden

This Linden variety is very useful as a shade and street tree. Planted in rows they are stately and imposing. They grow fast when young, up to 2 foot a year. It has a uniform shape and is moderately pyramidal. They have the largest leaves of the Linden species. This variety is also known as American Basswood.

Height: 50′ – 80′

Width: 30′ – 50′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Nutlett. Yellow.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Average watering required. Grows best in well drained loams but will tolerate dry and clay doil. Drought tolerant.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer like 10-10-10 once a year when establishing. Thereafter fertilizer isn’t really required.

Pruning: Little to none is required.

tilia cordata

Linden Greenspire Little Leaf

Tilia Linden Greenspire in fall

As the common name suggests, this variety of Linden has small dark green leaves turning yellow in fall. Like all Linden trees, they produce fragrant yellow flowers from May to July which are loved by bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. They are low maintenance. Their straight trunk habit makes them suitable for pathways and along roadsides.

The growth rate is medium at about 1 foot per year until maturity.

Height: 40′ – 50′

Width: 30′ – 35′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Nutlett. Yellow.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Medium. Drought tolerant.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer like 10-10-10 once a year.

Pruning: Little to none is required.

tilia tormentosa

Sterling Silver Linden

tilia tormentosa tree - silver sterling linden
stirling silver linden leaf

This Linden variety has a dense, broad oval habit. Pollinators and hummingbirds love their fragrant summer flowers. Tooth shaped leaves are glossy green above and silvery white underneath. Their shimmering effect is easily noticeable with a little breeze. Blossoms are followed by nutlets, which ripen in late summer. They are beautiful shade, street, or lawn trees.

Height: 50′ – 70′

Width: 30′ – 50′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Nutlett. Yellow.

Fall Color: Green pale yellow.

Water: Average medium moisture. Prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer like 10-10-10 once a year.

Pruning: Little to none is required especially as the tree matures. When establishing, prune away branches that are crossed or rubbing.

ulmus

Accolade Elm

ulmus - accolade elm tree

This elm is tolerant to Dutch elm disease, phloem necrosis and elm leaf beetle. It has a vigorous growth rate once established – up to 3 feet per year, and is drought tolerant. The glossy dark green foliage changes to yellow in the fall. It matures into the classical vase-shaped form.

They make good shade trees and are striking in the landscape.

Height: 60′ – 70′

Width: 40′ – 50′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Samaras.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Keep young trees well watered and mulched until established. They get more drought tolerant as they mature.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer in early spring. Mulch and compost over the root zone extending to the drip line is useful.

Pruning: Prune lightly in dormancy to keep in shape and form.

ulmus

Triumph Elm

Ulmus - Triumph Elm - Morton Glossy

This fast growing variety (up to 3 feet per year) has a strong upward branching oval habit. It does well against Dutch elm disease, elm leaf beetle and elm yellows. The large dark green foliage turns yellow in fall. These elms make excellent shade trees. They are adaptable to most soil types.

Height: 40′ – 50′

Width: 40′ – 45′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Samaras.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Keep young trees well watered and mulched until established. They get more drought tolerant as they mature.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer in early spring. Mulch and compost over the root zone extending to the drip line is useful.

Pruning: Prune lightly in dormancy to keep in shape and form.

zelkova serrata ‘village green’

Zelkova – Japanese

Zelkova - Japanese zelkova

Zelkova is a deciduous tree native to Japan, Taiwan, and eastern China. In the United States, it is often used as a substitute for the American elm as it has resistance to Dutch Elm disease. These trees have a neat vase like shape, attractive bark, and excellent fall color. It can be planted as a lawn, shade or street tree.

Height: 40′ – 60′

Width: 30′ – 50′

Exposure: Full sun.

Fruit / Flower: Drupes. Insignificant flowers.

Fall Color: Yellow.

Water: Keep young trees well watered and mulched until established. They get more drought tolerant as they mature.

Fertilizer: Use a general fertilizer in early spring though not required.

Pruning: Prune lightly in dormancy to keep in shape and form.

Images on this page courtesy: Wilson Nurseries